Shinto also kami-no-michi, is the indigenous spirituality of Japan and the people of Japan. It is a set of practices, to be carried out
diligently, to establish a connection between present-day Japan and its ancient past..
Founded in 660 BC, Shinto practices were first recorded and codified in the written historical records of the Kojiki and Nihon Shoki in the
8th century. Still, these earliest Japanese writings do not refer to a unified "Shinto religion", but rather to disorganized folklore, history, and
Shinto today is a term that applies to public shrines suited to various purposes such as war memorials, harvest festivals, romance, and
historical monuments, as well as various sectarian organizations.
Practitioners express their diverse beliefs through a standard language and practice, adopting a similar style in dress and ritual, dating
from around the time of the Nara and Heian Periods.
The word Shinto ("Way of the Gods") was adopted from the written Chinese (_Ή), combining two kanji: "shin" (_), meaning "spirit" or
kami; and "to" (Ή), meaning a philosophical path or study (from the Chinese word dao).
Kami are defined in English as "spirits", "essences" or "deities", that are associated with many understood formats; in some cases being human
-like, in others being animistic, and others being associated with more abstract "natural" forces in the world (mountains, rivers, lightning,
wind, waves, trees, rocks).
Kami and people are not separate; they exist within the same world and share its interrelated complexity.
Fact books and statistics typically list some 80 to 90% of Japanese people as Shintoist.
However, polls suggest that most Japanese consider themselves non-religious and believe that there are currently only 4 million "actual"
observers of Shinto in Japan. The vast majority of people in Japan who take part in Shinto rituals also practice (Buddhist) rituals.
However, Shinto does not actually require professing faith to be a believer or a practitioner thus a person who practices any manner of
Shinto rituals may be so counted, and as such it is difficult to query for exact figures based on self-identification of belief within Japan
Another problem is that Shinto is sometimes seen more as a way of life rather than a religion by the Japanese due to its long historical and
cultural significance. Due to the syncretic nature of Shinto and Buddhism, most "life" events are handled by Shinto and "death" or "afterlife"
events are handled by Buddhism?for example, it is typical in Japan to register or celebrate a birth at a Shinto shrine, while funeral
arrangements are generally dictated by Buddhist tradition?although the division is not exclusive. According to Inoue (2003):
In modern scholarship, the term is often used with reference to kami worship and related theologies, rituals and practices.
In these contexts, "Shinto" takes on the meaning of "Japanfs traditional religion", as opposed to foreign religions such as Christianity,
Buddhism, Islam and so forth.
Shinto(jap. _Ή, im Deutschen meist ubersetzt mit,, Weg der Gotterg) auch als Shintoismus bezeichnet ist eine fast ausschlieslich in Japan
praktizierte Religion. In Japan stellen Shinto und Buddhismus die beiden grosten Religionsgemeinschaften dar; zwischen den beiden
existieren allerdings erhebliche Uberschneidungen.
Shinto (Japonice _Ή) est religio et mythologia Japoniae. Mores et ritus Shintoismi primum in Kojiki et Nihon Shoki ex octavo saeculo in
memoria habentur. Verbum Shinto significat 'Via Deorum', ubi dei appellantur kami et habitant in natura, ventis, arboribus, fluminibus, etc.
Izanagi-no-Mikoto (mas) et Izanami-no-Mikoto (femina) maximi di appellantur a multiformibus dis rogantibus creare novam terram
facturam Japoniam. Amaterasu fatur progenitor imperatoris.
Civitate Shinto appellatur cultus Imperii Japonensis quamvis shinto numquam declaratus est religio civitatis vel cultus civitatis. Ab 1868
usque 1945, Shinto momento est subiecta ex civitate et imperium cultum fanorum adhibuit causa gubernandi fidei pro gentem aedificandis